Evidence-based medicine (EBM) or evidence based practice (EBP), is the judicious use of the best current evidence in making decisions about the care of the individual patient. EBP also integrates clinical expertise and takes patient desires, values, and needs into consideration.
Dr. David Sackett and his colleagues at McMasters University in Ontario, Canada, initially proposed EBM.
EBP differs slightly from EBM, in that EBP is an umbrella term of sorts. EBP encompasses evidence-based medicine, evidence-based nursing, evidence-based physical therapy, evidence-based dentistry, etc.
Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson WS, et. al. Evidence-Based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach EBM. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.
Evidence-based practice consists of five steps:
Source: Strauss, S. E. Evidence-Based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach EBM. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 2005.
Written from 2009 - 2011, AJN’s Series is developed to give nurses the knowledge and skills they need to implement EBP consistently, one step at a time. The case scenario used throughout is Rapid Response Teams.